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The Southeast Asian Cannon Connection!
Cannon Journal


Brunei Cannon Parts

Above drawing showing parts of an Asian cannon

   At any given time there are often several bronze cannons for sale here on the internet on eBay as well as several other web sites. The Asian type cannons are often referred to as; LANTAKA, SWIVEL GUN, SWIVEL CANNON, etc. There are also European cannon commonly advertised for sale over the internet. Regarding both types of cannons – I have noticed that many appear to be genuine, some are questionable while some other’s appear to be bad imitations.
Bedil Naga
Detailed drawing above showing parts of a Brunei manufactured Bedil Naga cannon.

    If you are a cannon enthusiast and need or would like to have more information on these ancient weapons then this e-book is for you. The title is; CANNON JOURNAL – Compilation Of Info On Bronze Asian And European Type Cannons (1500-1800’s) and it consist of 89 pages total with 36 photos, 11 detailed drawings, 12 cannon information charts and two maps of Southeast Asia.

Detailed drawing above showing parts of an Asian Breech Loading cannon.

     Table of Contents as follows;
  • PART 1 - Brunei Cannon by P.M. Shariffuddin.
  • I. The Origin and History of Brunei Cannon.
  • II. Classification of Cannons in the Brunei Museum (1968).
  • III. Discussion of Brunei Terms.
  • IV. Brunei terms for cannon parts.
  • V. Decorations of Brunei Cannon.
  • VI. Uses of Cannon in Brunei.
  • VII. Measurements of Selected Cannons in Brunei Museum.
  • VIII. Plates of Cannons in Brunei Collection.
  • Plate XXXV : Bedil Gargabus, side view of type.
  • Plate XXXVI : Bedil Naga, side view of type.
  • Plate XXXVII a: Bedil Naga, whole corcodile type.
  • Plate XXXVII b: Bedil Naga, with twisted tail.
  • Plate XXXVIII : Bedil Buloh type.
  • Plate XXXIX : Bedil Lapis type.
  • Plate XL a: Mariam type.
  • Plate XL b: Mariam: Miniature form.
  • Plate XLI : Boom: one of the only two known..
  • Plate XLII a: Miniature type: crocodile from (side view).
  • Plate XLIII a: Miniature: common buffalo form.
  • Plate XLIII b: Miniature: common buffalo form.
  • Plate XLIV a: Miniature: twin.
  • Plate XLIV b: Twin Bedil.
  • Plate XLV : Ringed Bedil of rare type.
  • Plate XLVI a: "Boat" cannon: from side.
  • Plate XLVI b: "Boat" cannon: from above.
  • Plate XLVII a: Barrel (Batang) showing foresight.
  • Plate XLVII b: Muzzle (Mulut).
  • Plate XLVIII a: Touch-hole for firing (Sumba) with two lugs (Gargasa).
  • Plate XLVIII b: Swivel (Sanka).
  • Plate XLIX a: Back-sight (Pistaran).
  • Plate XLIX b: Gaganok of typical Brunei cannon form.
  • Asian Breech Loading Cannon.
  • Large Euro-Asian Swivel Cannon.
  • PART 2 - Brunei Cannons by Tom Harrisson.
  • I. Looking out from Brunei.
  • II. Malacca and Brunei.
  • III. The Philippines and Celebes.
  • IV. The Malay Peninsula and Date Problems.
  • V. Thailand.
  • VI. Burma.
  • VII. Thailand and Brunei.
  • VIII. Before or Without Guns.
  • IX. European Technical Influence.
  • X. A Last Question: the Spread of Brunei Guns?
  • XI. Modern Answers, ancient echoes?
  • APPENDIX A, B and C.
  • PART 3 - GENERAL CANNON INFO by Tony Wells.
  • I. Introduction.
  • II. Materials Used in Bronze Guns in the Late 18th Century.
  • III. Longevity of Guns Used at Sea.
  • IV. Brass Guns verses Iron Guns.
  • V. Examples of some popular Ships Guns.
  • VI How Guns Were Named.
  • VII. List of Guns and Descriptions.
  • VIII.  How Many Guns Per Ship?
  • IX. Weights Stamped On Guns.
  • X. Genuine or Fake Cannons?
  • XI. Conclusion?
  • Drawing showing parts of a European/American Cannon.
  • Drawing showing PETIEROE A BRAGA and the MOSCOLO.
  • Important Cannon Measurement Locations.
Cannon Wall Chart
Above is a sample of some of the reference material included.

Fake Cannon Photo
The above photo is from PART 3 - VII. Genuine or Fake Cannons?

The above photo is from PART 3 - VII and shows the steel pipe sleeve inside the barrel of a fake bronze cannon.

Circa 1835 Southeast Asian Map
Above shows a circa 1835 Southeast Asian map with locations number for easy location reference.


There is no shipping cost because this 2 MB pdf file (Adobe Reader file) will be emailed to you, in most cases within 24 hours or less. Then you will be able to read it directly on your computer and print it out if you wish to do so. You will need Adobe Reader Version 6.0 (or higher) to open, read and print this file. It is free and can be downloaded at

Shipwrecks & Sunken Treasure In Southeast Asia
Tony Wells is also the author of the above book, Shipwrecks & Sunken Treasure In Southeast Asia (published by: Times Editions (Singapore) in 1995).

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